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LLB Annual Report 2023 de

Elements of compensation

The compensation model of the LLB Group

The LLB Group’s compensation model is geared towards performance-linked compensation. This means that an above-average performance has a positive and a below-average performance a negative effect on the amount of compensation. In accordance with the compensation policy, the compensation model is geared towards sustainable, long-term-oriented action.

The LLB Group’s compensation model was developed in conjunction with HCM International.

Group Performance Indicator

A key indicator for the performance of the LLB Group is the so-called Group Performance Indicator (GPI). With the GPI, LLB Group employees with a variable salary component can directly participate in the earnings generated. Net profit over the last three years serves as the basis for the calculation, weighted at a ratio of 60 (current year) :30 (last year) :10 (year before last year). The Group Board of Directors has determined that a percentage of net profit be allocated to the bonus pool for sharing among the employees. The percentage will be maintained over the strategy period and will only be reviewed in exceptional circumstances (such as in the case of major acquisitions).

The Board of Directors of the LLB Group has the option to increase or reduce the size of the bonus pool (a fixed percentage of net profit) by 20 per cent based on a qualitative assessment. Here an assessment is made as to the extent to which the performance of the management and the employees is reflected in the company’s results.

The compensation system of the LLB Group

The compensation system is essentially based on the following approaches:

  • Clear performance incentives, performance orientation and transparency: A target compensation (total compensation or total target compensation) is defined for each employee. A bonus-malus logic ensures that employees earn more or less than their target compensation depending on whether they exceed or do not attain their objectives. Acknowledging individual performance fosters the contribution of individual performance to the achievement of company targets as well as the retention of top performers.
  • Uniform focus on the structure of the LLB Group: The compensation system across the whole Group follows a uniform logic and is in accordance with the management structure.
  • Fair compensation in accordance with responsibilities and management level: The determination of compensation considers the workload as well as the value of the function in question and reflects the different requirements in a clear and fair manner.
  • Objective orientation: The variable component of the target compensation depends on the salary model and the attainment of objectives, which are determined during the annual objectives-setting process and reflect the orientation of and change in the bank. The focus on the GPI promotes, and is also in line with, the LLB Group’s long-term interests. The fulfilment of basic tasks is shown through the function level and thus in the assignment of the reference compensation curve.
  • Fairness and freedom to act: The variable salary component is a significant part of the target compensation. Internal transfers and departures are possible at any time and calculated fairly on a pro rata basis.
  • Integrity and trust: Mutual trust between the employee and the employer is necessary because there is a time difference between the provision of the performance and the acceptance of responsibility on the one hand, and the payment of the compensation on the other. Furthermore, a performance appraisal is always subjective. As a reliable employer, the LLB Group also stands by its employees in difficult times.

These approaches should ensure the understanding of the functioning of the compensation system and fairness for the employees.

Target compensation

Around 36 per cent of employees receive a fixed compensation without a variable component. For around 64 per cent of employees, the target compensation (total target compensation) consists of a fixed and a variable component. The fixed component encompasses all contractually agreed or statutory compensation, which is already stipulated prior to the provision of any performance. The variable component includes, in particular, those elements of compensation which vary depending on various criteria, such as the business success of the company, the individual performance of the employee or the results attained by the organisational unit. In general, the amount and payment of the variable component is at the free discretion of the employer.

Fixed component of target compensation

The fixed component must be reasonably proportionate to the variable component. This is specified in the individual compensation guidelines of Liechtensteinische Landesbank AG and of the LLB Group companies. Depending on the salary model, it varies from 67 to 100 per cent of the target compensation.

Variable component of target compensation

The variable component of the target compensation is paid in cash and / or in the form of an entitlement to acquire LLB shares, which are subject to a deferral or blocked period of five years (for members of senior management and risk takers) or six years (for members of the Group Executive Board). Other financial instruments, such as options or bonds, are not considered. The variable component may not exceed 100 per cent of the fixed component of the total compensation.

A clawback ruling applies to the blocked portion of the variable compensation, which is largely governed by the individually attained performance and the risks taken. If a significant change occurs in the assessment of performance and risks during the blocking period (for example, inadequate due diligence, untrustworthy business management or taking excessive risks), the acquired share entitlements are to be reduced accordingly. The body which determines the amount of the variable compensation during the annual compensation process will decide about the reduction of the share entitlements. Shares that have been transferred into the ownership of the employees can be clawed back by the company within three years should there be a material negative impact on its interests. The deferred portion can also be cancelled before the transfer of ownership should average net profit over the respective deferral period be negative.

A guaranteed variable compensation, for example in the form of a minimum bonus, may only be promised in exceptional circumstances and must be limited to the first working year. As a basic principle, no severance compensation and no additional voluntary annuity payments will be made to employees who leave the company.

The fixed compensation component and the variable target compensation are insured in the staff pension scheme for old age, death and invalidity. The employees of the LLB Group receive fringe benefits in the form of preferential conditions on bank products as customary in the industry as well as a limited preferential interest rate for mortgage loans and on credit balances.

Group Internal Audit is responsible for reviewing the implementation of the Group regulation “Compensation policy of the LLB Group” once a year. The results of this review are reported to the Board of Directors in writing. The compensation of senior executives in the areas of risk management and compliance at the parent bank and at the LLB Group companies is reviewed once a year by the relevant Board of Directors or by the Compensation Committee (if such a body exists in the Group company). The Group Nomination & Compensation Committee carries out these tasks for the Group functions.